NEW YORK (Reuters Health)—Even doctors and nurses don’t always follow the healthy lifestyle choices they recommend for patients to reduce the risk of medical problems, such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes, a U.S. study suggests.
Although rates of these conditions appeared lower among healthcare workers than other people, the diseases were still common. They also rose over time at rates similar to increases in the general population, researchers reported in an article published online Oct. 5 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
The findings suggest that the same societal and environmental factors that can influence the development of chronic diseases for ordinary people also affect clinicians and medical experts, lead author Dr. Anupam Jena, a health policy researcher at Harvard Medical School and physician at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, told Reuters Health by email.
“This highlights the notion that nobody is fully immune to the factors that promote unhealthy lifestyle behaviors,” Dr. Jena said.
Dr. Jena and coauthor Dr. Elias Dayoub of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia analyzed data from nationwide surveys conducted from 2002–2013, in which respondents were asked about their occupation, health behaviors and chronic health problems.
About 3% of the roughly 150,000 survey participants were health professionals, including doctors, dentists, chiropractors, pharmacists, physician assistants, therapists and nurses.
Overall, average rates of obesity, diabetes and hypertension were lower among the health workers than the rest of the survey participants, but the growth in these problems from 2002–2013 was similar between the groups.
Health professionals were less likely to smoke and more likely to exercise than the people in other fields, but they were more likely to report moderate to heavy alcohol consumption.
The fact that growth in disease burden for health professionals often mirrored the general population suggests there may be limits to how effective public education efforts can be in reversing growth in unhealthy behaviors or chronic disease, the authors conclude.
“The take-home message for patients is that healthy lifestyle choices and good health are important, but aren’t easy to come by,” Dr. Jena said. “Both take work and even health care professionals find it difficult.”
Shortcomings of the study include its reliance on self-reported survey data as well as the potential for health professionals to be diagnosed with diseases more often than other people because they generally have better access to care, the researchers acknowledge.
It’s also possible that by lumping all health professionals into a single category, the survey data didn’t capture nuances of particular jobs that might influence health behaviors and disease prevalence, Dr. Gal Dubnov-Raz, a sports and exercise medicine specialist at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, Israel, told Reuters Health by email.
Shift work and activity levels, for example, might differ by occupation within the health field and influence lifestyle behaviors, noted Dr. Dubnov-Raz, who wasn’t involved in the study.
Even so, doctors, nurses, and other health professionals will set an example that patients may follow, making their lifestyle behaviors important in a public health context, Dr. Erica Frank, a researcher at the University of British Columbia who wasn’t involved in the study, told Reuters Health by email.
“We aren’t just docs, we are still also women and men, and are subject to the same environmental and social influences as are others,” Dr. Frank said. “We tend to preach to patients what we practice ourselves—so we should be thoughtful about that and not compromise patient care because we can’t square it with our behavior.”